In the 4th Way material, the horse-drawn coach is used as a metaphor for the human being. The driver corresponds to intellect, the horse to emotions, the carriage to the physical body. The passenger corresponds to the 'real I' or 'soul,' which most often, according to the 4th Way teaching is either asleep or absent. In the analogy, the horse is often depicted as neglected and abused, the driver as self-interested and shallow, sometimes drunk and reckless or asleep, the carriage as in bad repair, all performing way below their possibilities. All these stand in the cab rank, ready to be hired by whatever passenger comes along. In the ideal state of man, the passenger would be the permanent owner of the coach, directing intellect, emotions and body according to a conscious purpose, using each for its rightfull function. However this is hardly ever the case.